Advancing our health: prevention in the 2020s

Closes 14 Oct 2019

From life span to health span

Inequalities also exist across a range of other dimensions, including ethnicity, gender, sexuality and having a disability. The underlying causes of these inequalities often cluster together, with people experiencing 'multiple disadvantage'. There are also certain groups who experience poorer health outcomes than the wider population, such as people sleeping rough, leaving care, and offenders in prison or in the community. 


For learning disabilities, autism and other neurodevelopmental or behavioural conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), an early diagnosis can help a child's development. Specifically, it can help them get the help they need at school, and ensure families and carers can support them better. This in turn helps to improve wider outcomes and prevent needs escalating. But this early diagnosis doesn’t always happen. We also know that adults living with these conditions often have worse mental and physical health than the wider population, and can struggle to access the help they need. 

Which health and social care policies should be reviewed to improve the health of: people living in poorer communities, or excluded groups? Please restrict your answers to 250 words.

Examples of excluded groups

Excluded groups could be people sleeping rough, people leaving care, ex-offenders, and Gypsy, Traveller and Roma communities.